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This research guide is designed especially for students online nursing programs. Information posted here will be aimed at answering the most frequent questions the library gets from you! This means you should check here first if you get stuck doing research for an assignment. Of course, no guide can answer all your questions, so feel free to contact a reference librarian noted in the Contact/Need Help? page or your Health Sciences Librarian, Hanna Schmillen, directly; you can find her contact information in the box to the bottom left.
Your assignment is asking you to find health information from credible sources that support nurses awareness and care for a group, culture, ethnicity, etc. The group, culture, or ethnicity should not be one that you identify with.
Some of what you have to cover within the scope of nursing and healthcare:
The ethnic group’s perception of communication, perception of space, perception of social organization, perception of time, and perception of environmental control.
Finally, any biological variations of that ethnic group (for example, sickle cell anemia in African Americans or people of Mediterranean descent)
Note: You are not going to find all of this in one article/resource, most likely... You will have to search different places, in different ways, to include all of these topics. You need peer-reviewed and credible resources (articles and evidence-based books).
Places to search:
Two best options of how to search: (Tip- NO FULL SENTENCES!)
Search for your group (i.e. Chinese) AND topic (i.e. communication) AND (perception OR culture OR tradition)
It will look like this: Chinese AND communication AND (perception OR culture OR tradition)
Do this for each topic you need to cover and you will have less results, but will have to run a search more.
Search more broadly for just your group and perception topic, as seen above. You will have more results and more sifting to do, but less searches ran.
With topics such as these, it can be helpful to think about what those differences are before you do an article search. And if you are unsure of what those could be, then this is where Google can be helpful; in the brainstorming process.
You will probably not find recently published research article that describes the differences between the two. You may have to find a couple articles on each one individually, then demonstrate the differences in your writing.
So for community nursing, I may search like this in CINAHL: (community OR public) AND (nurse OR nursing) AND (outreach OR advocacy)
Hospital nursing, I may search in CINAHL: (hospital OR clinic) AND (nurse OR nursing) AND (emergency OR ER)
Question: Where do I go to find evaluation tools for nursing?
Answer: A couple places and ways! Finding assessment tools can be tricky because many are not free.
Plan B: Some nursing and health professions professional organizations have evaluation and assessment tools (not always free), such as the QSEN Institute and The International Nursing Association for Clinical Simulation and Learning.
Plan C: Look at studies to see if they include their pre and post tests or surveys in their article. You can contact authors as well, if you find one that looks super promising.
Looking for articles that are evidence-based on your topic! This link will take you to a search template in CINAHL. All you need to do is type in your topic in the second line and search!
The general format is as follows:
Author, A. A. [Screen name]. (year, month day). Title of video [Video]. YouTube. http://xxxxx
Sometimes you will not have an author, just a screen name and that's fine. If that is the case then do not put the screen name in brackets, but instead use that as the author.
[Video] you will leave as is. You do not need to say if it's an MP3 or other media type.
The URL can vary. Double check with your professor if you should use the Blackboard URL or a more accessible link.
1. Pick out your main concepts: Diversity - nursing - workforce
ArticlesPlus is VERY multidisciplinary, so you will get A LOT of results, but you will see different aspects. CINAHL is specific to nursing and allied health, so you get less, more specific results. So one way to narrow your search would be to choose a more subject-appropriate place to search.
3. If you do not like the results you see, think about the words you are searching. Is the word 'workforce' the only way to describe the concept? Nope! What about: hospital - work - nursing home - health industry? Diversity could be described in other ways as well: diverse, ethnic diversity; cultural diversity, etc. This is when you start to ask yourself questions. What workforce am I most interested in? What kind of diversity? What outcomes am I looking for in my search?
For example, lets say I am actually more interested in ethnic diversity among hospital staff, specifically nurses. So I am going to search CINAHL with a different search (click to see search and results)
I went from over 350 results to 50 results and some of the first couple articles look great!
Getting full text from any library database. This example if from CINAHL. Just becase there is not a PDF link right underneath the article title, does not mean we do not have access.
Reference Example w/ DOI:
National Center for Education Statistics. (2016). Fast Response Survey System (FRSS): Teachers' use of educational technology in U.S. public schools, 2009 (ICPSR 35531; Version V3) [Data set and code book]. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR35531.v3
Reference Example w/out DOI:
Pew Research Center. (2018). American trends panel Wave 26 [Data set]. https://www.pewsocialtrends.org/dataset/american-trends-panel-wave-26/
In-text Citation Options:
1. "U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Office of Applied Studies (2013)"
2. "(U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Office of Applied Studies, 2013)."
Of course, if you cite that a number of times, you’ll probably want to abbreviate the author name.