Data is a set of values that correlates to a piece of information. Data can be either qualitative or quantitative. Data is collected, measured, analyzed, manipulated, and shared to provide an understanding of something from a different perspective or in more depth than the initial observation.
Use of data is multidisciplinary, that is, people from any discipline may use a variety of methods to explore, analyze, and communicate data in their research.
Ways data can be used:
Figure 2.2: http://semanticommunity.info/Data_Science/Doing_Data_Science (2014)