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Ohio University Libraries

African American Studies/AAS 1500

African experience through media

The CRAP Test

The CRAP Test

Evaluate Sources with these Criteria:
Currency, Reliability, Authority and Purpose/Point of View

  • Currency
    • How recent is the information?
    • Is it current enough for your topic?
  • Reliability
    • Is content of the resource primarily opinion?  Is is balanced?
    • Does the creator provide references or sources for data or quotations?
  • Authority
    • Who is the creator or author? What are the credentials?
    • Who is the published or sponsor? Are they reputable?
  • Purpose/Point of View
    • What is its bias / purpose? For whom was it written?
    • Is the creator/author trying to sell you something?

(adapted from LOEX 2008 wiki)